Author Topic: JIGAR MORADABADI  (Read 57 times)

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« on: November 25, 2014, 09:51:17 AM »
It was in Moradabad that Jigar received his primary education, Later, at 12 he went with his uncle, an Inspector of Police in Kurwi in Banda district. Here his uncle arranged for him to be tutored in Arabic and Persian. Later his uncle was transferred to Lucknow and Jigar continued his studies in Lucknow, where he received schooling till the IX th Standard. He was not very educated, he spoke some English and adequate Arabic and Persian. When he was fifteen he lost his father.

Jigar's poetic talent though was not dependant on his education but his background and environment.

His great grandfather, Hafiz Noor Mohammad and grandfather, Hafiz Maulavi Amjad Ali were poets. His father, Maulavi Ali Nazar was also a poet with a published Diwan. His uncle, Ali Zafar, with whom Jigar had spent almost his entire adolescence, was a poet too. Likewise, Jigar's father's elder brother, Maulavi Ali Akbar was a too and it he who took Jigar under his wing and started his training as a poet. Though some say that the poet Daagh was Jigar's first mentor it does not seem possible because Daagh died when Jigar was just fifteen, also Daagh spent the last fifteen years of his life in Hyderabad which is in The Deccan and faraway from UP where Jigar lived. Perhaps Jigar sent him some ghazals by post, but there is no evidence of his having visited Daagh.

Rasa Rampuri was the first to tutor Jigar properly in poetry. His talent was later polished by Asghar Godvi. Jigar sold glasses for a living and once by chance met Asghar Godvi, who too dealt in the same trade. Asghar Godvi besides selling spectacles was also a poet and a sufi, he polished not just Jigar's poetic taste but also influenced his spiritual ideas.

Jigar is considered to be one of the leading ghazal poets in Urdu. In his time the poets had become influenced by the experiments with poetry that Iqbal had tried, and hence had moved away from the ghazal. Jigar though refused to give up the ghazal though he was criticized for it heavily. There were many upheavals in his time, the World wars, India's struggle for Independence,etc. Poetry had taken new meanings, it was used to express the new social and political ideas that were taking root. Poets had now a social conscience, they did not write to merely entertain the readers. The ghazal was a reminder of the courts and a more self-indulgent and decadent way of life. Hence most of the poets of the time moved away from it and towards other poetic expressions. Jigar though stuck to the ghazal genre and in doing so added a lot to urdu poetry.

His earlier poetry was about the usual subjects of ghazals, women, wine, lost love, heartache, but later many events shook him and he wrote on more important and relevant subjects. The Bengal famine and the extreme violence hat gripped India during the partition with Pakistan were two such events that made a great impact on him, but he did not lose his belief in the ultimate victory of human values over all misfortunes or over the madness that had gripped the country.

His first two collections are Daagh-e-Jigar and Shola-e-Toor. His third Aatish-e-Gul, established his reputation as a noteworthy ghazal poet who could give expression to new sensibilities in the traditional form of ghazal. In the third collection he is a changed poet who is aware of the unpleasant and even terrible facts of life. He talks of them in his ghazals without damaging the aesthetic and literary values of the form of ghazal.
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